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Found at: raymii.org:70/Limit_access_to_openssh_features_with_the_Match_keyword.txt

This is a text-only version of the following page on https://raymii.org:
---
Title       : 	Limit access to openssh features with the Match option
Author      : 	Remy van Elst
Date        : 	24-11-2012
URL         : 	https://raymii.org/s/tutorials/Limit_access_to_openssh_features_with_the_Match_keyword.html
Format      : 	Markdown/HTML
---



OpenSSH has a lot of nice features which let you control how it is used. For
example, you can disallow the root account to login, set the port number,
protocol version and a lot of other features. This tutorial will show you how to
enable certain features for certain hosts, users, groups and addresses with the
Match keyword in sshd_config. And as a bonus it also covers the iptables
firewall.

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#### Securing sshd

First a few general tips about securing ssh.

  * Disable login with username/pasword and use key based authentication.
  * Do not allow root to login, limit permissions with sudo or use su.
  * Only allow protocol 2, not any of the earlier ones.
  * Not a real security measure but makes your logs less dirty: set sshd to a higher port.

#### Examples

You of course have disabled password authentication and you use public/private
key based authentication, right? Buy, you might have that one host which is for
whatever reason is not able to use ssh keys. The below config line disables
password authentication for everyone, and then it enables it for the IP address
1.2.3.4:

    
    
    PasswordAuthentication no
    
    ### this should be on the bottom of the config file
    ### Enable password authentication for IP 1.2.3.4
    Match Address 1.2.3.4
        PasswordAuthentication yes
    

Or you might have a user which needs to use a graphical application on a server.
But all the other users do not have to use that. For example, you might have
Matlab for one user. You can install a desktop for them, but you can also let
them use X forwarding. The below config allows X forwarding for the user John,
but disallows it for everyone else.

    
    
    X11Forwarding no
    ### add this to the bottom of the sshd_config
    Match User John
        X11Forwarding yes
    

But lets say John can only use matlab (X-forwarding) from the internal network
and you want to X forwarding for every other user, only allowing it from the
local 172.16.1.* network, you might want to use this config lines:

    
    
    X11Forwarding no
    ### add this to the bottom of the sshd_config
    Match User John Address 172.16.1.* 
        X11Forwarding yes
    

And what if you want to allow a few IP addresses and one hostname to login with
a password, as root? _Note that this is a bad thing to do, you should not allow
root to login but use su or sudo, and preferably all users should login with ssh
keys_.

    
    
    PaswordAuthentication no
    PermitRootLogin no
    ### Add this to the end of the config file
    Match Address 10.20.30.40,80.90.100.200 Host dispatch.raymii.org
        PasswordAuthentication Yes
        PermitRootLogin yes
    

#### Restrict access via the firewall

Using iptables is also a good way to restrict access to a few IP addresses. The
below example allows the IP addresses 2.3.4.5, 3.4.5.6 and 10.2.3.40 to talk to
port 22, and discards all the other traffic.

    
    
    iptables -I INPUT -s 2.3.4.5 -p tcp -m tcp --dport 22 -j ACCEPT
    iptables -I INPUT -s 3.4.5.6 -p tcp -m tcp --dport 22 -j ACCEPT
    iptables -I INPUT -s 10.2.3.40 -p tcp -m tcp --dport 22 -j ACCEPT
    iptables -I INPUT -p tcp -m tcp --dport 22 -j REJECT
    

#### All the options

The list below are all the options supported in an SSH Match pattern:

  * AcceptEnv
  * AllowTcpForwarding
  * AuthorizedKeysFile
  * AuthorizedKeysFile2
  * Banner
  * ChallengeResponseAuthentication
  * ChallengeResponseAuthentication
  * ClientAliveCountMax
  * ClientAliveInterval
  * GatewayPorts
  * GssAuthentication
  * GssCleanupCreds
  * HostbasedAuthentication
  * HostbasedUsesNameFromPacketOnly
  * IgnoreRhosts
  * IgnoreUserKnownHosts
  * KbdInteractiveAuthentication
  * KerberosAuthentication
  * KerberosGetAFSToken
  * KerberosOrLocalPasswd
  * KerberosTicketCleanup
  * LogFacility
  * LogLevel
  * LoginGraceTime
  * MaxAuthTries
  * PasswordAuthentication
  * PermitEmptyPasswd
  * PermitRootLogin
  * PermitTunnel
  * PermitUserEnvironment
  * PrintLastLog
  * PrintMotd
  * PubkeyAuthentication
  * PubkeyAuthentication
  * RSAAuthentication
  * RhostsRSAAuthentication
  * StrictModes
  * UseLogin
  * UsePAM
  * X11DisplayOffset
  * X11Forwarding
  * X11UseLocalhost
  * XAuthLocation

#### More information

[Source link used for this article][2]  
[Forum topic on the Arch Linux bbs][3]

   [1]: https://www.digitalocean.com/?refcode=7435ae6b8212
   [2]: https://bugzilla.mindrot.org/show_bug.cgi?id=match
   [3]: https://bbs.archlinux.org/viewtopic.php?id=121945

---

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