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Found at: raymii.org:70/FreeBSD_10.0-release_Openstack_Image.txt

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Title       : 	Build a FreeBSD 10.0-release Openstack Image with bsd-cloudinit
Author      : 	Remy van Elst
Date        : 	11-06-2014
URL         : 	https://raymii.org/s/tutorials/FreeBSD_10.0-release_Openstack_Image.html
Format      : 	Markdown/HTML

We are going to prepare a FreeBSD image for Openstack deployment. We do this by
creating a FreeBSD 10.0-RELEASE instance, installing it and converting it using
[bsd-cloudinit][1]. We'll use the [CloudVPS][2] public Openstack cloud for this.
Create an account there and install the Openstack command line tools, like
`nova`, `cinder` and `glance`. This tutorial is more a collection of notes than
what you are used of me, it has less explanation and such, just right on steps
to get started.

You can see all my [Openstack related articles here][3]. For example, how to use
[Duplicity to create Encrypted backups to the Openstack Swift Object Store][4]

I'm developing an open source monitoring app called Leaf Node Monitoring, for windows, linux & android. Go check it out!

Consider sponsoring me on Github. It means the world to me if you show your appreciation and you'll help pay the server costs.

You can also sponsor me by getting a Digital Ocean VPS. With this referral link you'll get $100 credit for 60 days.

This tutorial is available for:

  * [FreeBSD 10.0-RELEASE.][6]
  * [FreeBSD 10.1-RELEASE.][7]
  * [FreeBSD 10.3-RELEASE.][8]
  * [FreeBSD 11.0-RELEASE.][9]

Set the correct environment variables:

    export OS_AUTH_URL="https://identity.stack.cloudvps.com/v2.0"
    export OS_TENANT_NAME=""
    export OS_USERNAME=""
    export OS_PASSWORD=""
    export OS_TENANT_ID=""

Start by downloading the 10.0-RELEASE iso:

    wget http://ftp.freebsd.org/pub/FreeBSD/releases/amd64/amd64/ISO-IMAGES/10.0/FreeBSD-10.0-RELEASE-amd64-disc1.iso

Upload it to Openstack:

    glance image-create --file Downloads/FreeBSD-10.0-RELEASE-amd64-disc1.iso --name "FreeBSD-10.0-RELEASE-amd64-disc1.iso" --disk-format iso --container-format bare --progress

Create the root volume for our FreeBSD preparation install:

    cinder create --display-name "freebsd-10-root" 8

Boot a new instance from the ISO, attaching the volume we just created ad well:

    nova boot --image  --flavor "Standard 1" --availability-zone NL1 --nic net-id=00000000-0000-0000-0000-000000000000 --block-device-mapping hdb=:::0 FreeBSD-10.0-RELEASE-install

Do a standard install of FreeBSD 10:

  * default keymap
  * hostname: freebsd.public.cloudvps.com
  * Just lib32 and ports, no doc, games or src
  * Partition Layout: 
    * ada0 GPT
    * ada0p1 64kb freebsd-boot
    * ada0p2 512MB freebsd-swap
    * ada0p3 7GB freebsd-root mountpoint /
  * Root password P@ssw0rd
  * Network: 
    * adapter: vtnet0
    * ipv4: dhcp
    * ipv6: slaac
    * search: public.cloudvps.com
  * UTC: no, timezone 8 EUROPE 34 NETHERLANDS
  * Services at boot: sshd, ntpd, moused, dumpd
  * Extra user: 
    * Username: freebsd
    * Full name: freebsd
    * uid: default
    * Login group: default
    * Other groups: wheel
    * Login class: default
    * Shell: tcsh
    * Home: default
    * Home permissions: default
    * Password auth: yes
    * Empty password: no
    * Random password: no
    * Password: P@ssw0rd
    * Lock out: no
    * OK: yes
    * Another user: no
  * Exit

After install, edit `/etc/fstab`, changing `ada0` to `vtbd0`. This is for VirtIO

Shut the instance from FreeBSD using `shutdown -p now` and after that via nova:

    nova stop 

Detach the volume:

    nova volume-detach  

Boot a new instance with the installed freebsd volume as the root volume:

    nova boot --block-device source=volume,id=,dest=volume,shutdown=preserve,bootindex=0 --flavor "Standard 1" --availability-zone NL1 --nic net-id=00000000-0000-0000-0000-000000000000  FreeBSD-10.0-RELEASE-configure

If you get a mountroot error, enter the following: ufs:/dev/vtbd0p3.

Change `/etc/fstab` after the fact, change `ada0` to `vtbd0` for VirtIO support.

Set the default route:

    route add default `ifconfig vtnet0 | grep "inet " | cut -d" " -f 2 | awk -F. '{print $1"."$2"."$3".1" }'`

Also put it in `/etc/rc.local` to make sure it works on bootup.

Bootstrap pkg:


Enter y.

Install vim and py27-setuptools (for bsd-cloudinit):

    pkg install vim-lite py27-setuptools

Add your SSH key:

    mkdir /root/.ssh
    chmod 700 /root/.ssh
    echo "ssh-rsa AAAA[...] user@example.com" > /root/.ssh/authorized_keys
    chmod 600 /root/.ssh/authorized_keys

Install python modules for bsd-cloudinit:

    easy_install eventlet
    easy_install iso8601

Add the following to `/boot/loader.conf` to make sure the console works:


Now do any other customizations you want to have in your image.

Do the bsd-cloudinit install:

    fetch --no-verify-peer https://raw.github.com/pellaeon/bsd-cloudinit-installer/master/installer.sh
    chmod +x installer.sh
    set history = 0
    history -c

Turn the machine off:

    shutdown -p now

Terminate the machine, otherwise you cannot detach the volume (ERROR: Can't
detach root device volume (HTTP 403)):

    nova delete 

Convert the volume to an image:

    cinder upload-to-image  FreeBSD-10.0-RELEASE-cloudinit

This might take a while.

Set the min-disk and min-ram requirements, plus some more properties for the

    glance image-update --min-disk 8 --min-ram 1024 --property architecture=x86_64 --property image_supports_keypair=true --property image_supports_password=true --property supported=false 

If needed, make it public:

    glance --name "UNSUPPORTED: FreeBSD-10.0-RELEASE" --is-public True 

That's it. You are done and have a good workable freebsd image.

Boot a new instance from your newly created image:

    nova boot --image  --flavor "Standard 4" --availability-zone NL1 --nic net-id=00000000-0000-0000-0000-000000000000 --key-name  FreeBSD-10.0-RELEASE-cloudinit

When the instance has spawned you can login as the freebsd user,

   [1]: http://pellaeon.github.io/bsd-cloudinit/
   [2]: https://cloudvps.com
   [3]: https://raymii.org/s/tags/openstack.html
   [4]: https://raymii.org/s/tutorials/Encrypted_Duplicity_Backups_to_Openstack_Swift_Objectstore.html
   [5]: https://www.digitalocean.com/?refcode=7435ae6b8212
   [6]: https://raymii.org/s/tutorials/FreeBSD_10.0-release_Openstack_Image.html
   [7]: https://raymii.org/s/tutorials/FreeBSD_10.1-release_Openstack_Image.html
   [8]: https://raymii.org/s/tutorials/FreeBSD_10.3-release_Openstack_Image.html
   [9]: https://raymii.org/s/tutorials/FreeBSD_11.0-release_Openstack_Image.html


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