EFFector Online Volume May org Publ

Found at: gopher.meulie.net:70/EFFector/effector7.08

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EFFector Online Volume 07 No. 08       May 6, 1994        editors@eff.org
A Publication of the Electronic Frontier Foundation        ISSN 1062-9424

EFF Summary of May 3 1994 Senate Clipper Hearing
EFF Summary of May 3 1994 House Clipper & Digital Telephony Hearing
USPS & IRS Mull National Identity Cards, Clinton to Sign Orders
DOJ Clipper Documents Scheduled for Summer Release Under FOIA
New Faces on EFF Board and Staff
Note About EFFector - Are You Moving?
What YOU Can Do


Subject: EFF Summary of May 3 1994 Senate Clipper Hearing

May 4, 1994

The Senate Judiciary Subcommittee on Technology and the Law held a 
Key Escrow Encryption proposal.  Witnesses included Asst. Atty. Gen. Jo 
Ann Harris (Criminal Justice Division), NIST Deputy Director Raymond 
Kammer, Whitfield Diffie (of Sun Microsystems), Stephen Walker 
(President, Trusted Information Systems), and NSA director Vice Adm. J. 
M. McConnell.

The discussion touched on a number of key issues, including the 
necessity of the Clipper proposal for law enforcement; the privacy 
nterests of network users; the costs associated with implementing the
Clipper scheme; export controls; and whether those intending to use 
communications networks to break the law would actually use Clipper as 
opposed to other encryption schemes.  Although a variety of views were 
offered, few new developments emerged in this controversial debate.

Assistant Attorney General Harris and NIST's Ray Kammer both stated that 
the Clipper Scheme and Key Escrow system would not provide law 
enforcement with any new surveillance abilities.  Rather, Harris argued, 
Clipper is analogous to a translator.  Harris stated, "All Clipper does 
s, after a court has authorized interceptions of communications, is
that we get the ability to understand the content of legitimately 
ntercepted communications".   The Administration continues to maintain
that the market would accept the Clipper standard based on the 
assumption that it is the strongest encryption scheme, regardless of who 
the question of whether criminals or terrorist organizations would be 
assurances, and admitted that this is still an open question.  Senator 
Leahy expressed skepticism: "I have serious questions about whether any 
code endorsed by the U.S. Government and for which U.S. Government 
agents hold the decoding keys.  There are a multitude of alternative 
encryption methods commercially available.  If Clipper Chip does become 
the standard encryption method used by Americans, criminals may be 
forced to use Clipper to communicate with legitimate outsiders.  But 
this is a big 'IF' ".

conceded that additional fiscal authorization may be needed to fund the 
mplementation of the Clipper proposal.  If this is the case, Congress
this point passage of such legislation is at best uncertain.  EFF will 
continue to closely monitor this development, and will pass along 
nformation as it develops.

Sun Microsystems Diffie urged a slow and careful approach to the Clipper 
ssue, cautioning that a rush to implement Clipper may create a
bureaucracy that would be difficult to dislodge at a later time.  Diffie 
cautioned against attempts to use the power of technology to increase 
the power of government.  Diffie added,  "Integrity of political speech 
s the root of legitimate laws in a democratic society.  We are in a
available", this integrity may be compromised.

Steve Walker, of Trusted Information Systems, stressed the need for the 
Administration's contention that very few foreign encryption 
alternatives exist; noting that his company had found over 340.  Walker 
export controls U.S. manufactures of encryption technology face a 

Although the Senate Hearing did not produce many new developments, it is 
outright support for the Clipper Chip proposal.  Chairman Leahy, the 
most vocal panel member at Tuesday's hearing, was also the most 


Subject: EFF Summary of May 3 1994 House Clipper & Digital Telephony Hearing

Tuesday proved to be a busy day for Clipper on the Hill, as the House 
Science, Space and Technology Subcommittee on Technology, Environment 
and Aviation also considered the Clipper and Digital Telephony 
NSA's Clinton Brooks, NIST Deputy Director Ray Kammer, Dr. Dorothy 
Denning, Dr. David Farber, EFF Executive Director Jerry Berman (on behalf 
of DPSWG), and Chmn. Willis Ware of the Congress/NIST System Security 
and Privacy Advisory Board. The discussion centered mainly on the 
Clipper issue.

Unlike the Senate panel, there seemed to be some support for the Clipper 
Chairman of the House Intelligence Committee, declared his "cautious 
as well as Reps. Morella (R-MD) and Rohrabacher (R-CA) all expressed 

James Kallstrom urged full support of both the Clipper and Digital 
Telephony proposals on behalf of all law enforcement, citing the need to 
counter the increasing sophistication of digital communications 
technologies.  Kallstrom painted a picture of a network populated by 
criminals, terrorists, and drug dealers which would pose a great danger 
to public safety, unless law enforcement is given the ability to 
ntercept illegal communications.  EFF's Jerry Berman countered this
assertion by arguing that Clipper would only solve law enforcement's 
Administration does not claim to want to do.  The only solution is for 
Congress to deny appropriation for Clipper and send the Administration 
back to the drawing board, Berman argued.

Dr. Farber, appearing as an expert witness,  stated that solutions to 
the Clipper issue will not come easily and will not come in one big 
While stressing the need for encryption standards on communications 
networks, Dr. Farber cautioned against "smoke-filled-room standards" of 
encryption which are, in his view, likely to bead mistrust.  Dr. Farber 
also argued for the removal of export  controls on encryption 

NSA's Clinton Brooks expressed support for Congressional Consideration 
of the Clipper issue.  He argued that Clipper is a sound technological 
and that a public debate on its merits would eventually remove the 
misinformation and mistrust of government, and would prove Clipper to be 
n the public interest.  Dr. Farber offered a strong caution to this,
expressing the concern that a future administration may find it 
necessary to mandate the Clipper standard.  Dr. Farber suggested that at 
the very least Congress weld into law a guarantee that Clipper remain 
voluntary, that the Judiciary be an escrow holder.  He cautioned, in the 
obtain a little temporary safety deserve neither liberty nor safety"


Written testimony & documents from the hearings are available as:

ftp.eff.org, /pub/EFF/Policy/Crypto/Clipper/[filename]

berman_eff_clip-dt.testimony       - House testimony of Jerry Berman (EFF)
brooks_nsa_clip-dt.testimony       - House testimony of Clint Brooks (NSA)
farber_clip-dt.testimony           - House testimony of David Farber
kallstrom_fbi_clip-dt.testimony    - House testimony of James Kallstrom (FBI)
kammer_nist_clip-dt.testimony      - House testimony of Ray Kammer (NIST)
clip-dt_hearings.docs              - charter, witness list, diagrams.
* More Senate testimony and spoken testimony from both hearings will be
  made available in the same directory when obtained.

This material is also available from the EFF BBS: +1 202 638 6120.


Subject: USPS & IRS Mull National Identity Cards, Clinton to Sign Orders

From: Mitch Ratcliffe 
Date: Thu, 5 May 1994 07:43:22 -0700 (PDT)

Ever Feel Like You're Being Watched? You Will...

Digital Media has learned that the Clinton administration is debating
not if, but how, to create a card that every American will need in order
to interact with any federal government agency. Combined with two
ts stamp on personal and business electronic transactions, the card could
open a window on every nuance of American personal and business

The wrangling among the administration, the U.S. Postal Service, the
for a "general purpose U.S. services smartcard," which individuals and
companies would use to authenticate their identities when sending and
the Department of Health and Human Services.

ncluding an order that would allow the I.R.S. to monitor individual
bank accounts and automatically collect taxes based on the results,
White House did not respond to requests for comments about this

The Post Office: We deliver for you. The Postal Service's U.S. Card
embedded microprocessor carrying a unique number that can be read
by a electromagnetic scanner and linked to computerized records
of personal information. (You've probably seen this type card in AT&T's
"You Will" ad campaign, which shows a doctor inserting a woman's
card in a reader in order to access a recording of a sonogram). The
card technologies.

Chamberlain outlined how an individual's U.S. Card would be
automatically connected with the Department of Health and Human
Services, the U.S. Treasury, the I.R.S., the banking system, and a
central database of digital signatures for use in authenticating electronic
and transactions. The U.S. Card is only a proposal, Chamberlain insists.
Yet the Postal Service is prepared to put more than a hundred million of
the cards in citizens' pockets within months of administration approval,

"We've been trying to convince people [in the different agencies] to do
cards," said Chamberlain. He said in addition to the healthcare card
are forwarding plans for a personal records card and a transactions (or
"e-purse") card. Chamberlain said the I.R.S  in particular is pursuing

Don't leave home without it. Though he did not name the U.S. Card at
the time, Postmaster General Marvin Runyon suggested that the Postal
Service offer electronic mail certification services during testimony
before the Senate Governmental Affairs Subcommittee in March. The
national role in the information age, since it would give the agency a
U.S. citizens.  For instance:

* When sending or receiving electronic mail, U.S. Card users would be
able to check the authenticity of a digital signature to screen out
* Banking transactions (notably credit card purchases) that depend on
authentication of the participants identities and an audit trail, would
be registered in Postal Service systems.
* Veterans, or for that matter college students and welfare recipients,
could check their federal benefits using the identification data on their
U.S. Cards.
* Visitors to an emergency room would have instant access to medical

These examples may seem benign separately, but collectively they
meddlesome at best and downright totalitarian at worst. Will buying a
book at a gay bookstore with a credit card that authenticates the
transaction through the Postal Service open a Naval officer up to court
marshal? If you have lunch with a business associate on a Saturday at a
family restaurant, will the IRS rule the expense non-deductible before
you can even claim it?

"There won't be anything you do in business that won't be collected
and analyzed by the government," said William Murray, an information
Chamberlain's presentation. "This [National Information Infrastructure]
s a better surveillance mechanism than Orwell or the government
could have imagined. This goddamned thing is so pervasive and the

Deep Roots; Deep Pockets; Long History. Chamberlain said the Postal
Service has been working for "a couple years" on the information
the Department of Defense, which wanted a civilian agency to create a
national electronic communications certification authority that could
be connected to its Defense Messaging System. Chamberlain said the
messages from all but government agencies, like law enforcement. The
National Aeronautics and Space Administration's Ames Research Laboratories in
Mountain View, Calif. carried out the research and development work
for Clipper.

"We're designing a national framework for supporting business-quality
authentication," said John Yin, the engineer heading up the U.S. Card-
offering services to other agencies and to third-party commercial
companies that want to build other services on the card." For example,
VISA or American Express could link their credit services to the U.S. Card.

Yin, who works on Defense Messaging Systems applications, said his
the past year, but would not confirm the participation of the National
Security Agency, a Department of Defense agency. The NSA is
Computer Security Act of 1987. Yin also would not comment on the
budget for the project, which other sources said was quite large and

A false sense of security? According to Yin, the cards would allow
ndividuals or businesses to choose any encryption technology. "It's not
our approach to say, 'Here's the standard, take it our leave it,'" he

"We're not trying to create a monopoly, rather it's an infrastructure for
nteroperability on which a whole variety of services can be built." Yet,
NASA, which is a participant in the CommerceNet electric marketplace
consortium will "suggest" to its partners that
they adopt the U.S. Card certification infrastructure, he said.

The reality is that government agencies' buying power usually drives
the market to adopt a particular technology -- not unlike the way the
Texas Board of Education, the largest single purchaser of textbooks in
the U.S., sets the standard for the content of American classroom
curricula. Since, the administration has already mandated use of
Clipper and its data-oriented sibling, the Tesserae chip, in federal
find their way into most, if not all, U.S. Cards. Even in the unlikely
event that one government agency should weather the pressure and
Clippered and non-Clippered devices.

"Most of this shift [in privacy policy] is apparently being done by
executive order at the initiative of bureaucracy, and without any
Congressional oversight or Congressional concurrence, " Murray said.
"They are not likely to fail. You know, Orwell said that bureaucrats,
use technology to enslave the people."

EDITOR'S NOTE: Digital Media has filed a Freedom of Information Act
Department of Defense, NASA, I.R.S. and other documents related to
the creation of the U.S. Card proposal.

-- Mitch Ratcliffe

Copyright 1994 by Mitch Ratcliffe and Seybold Publications.

Mitch Ratcliffe
Editor in Chief
Digital Media: A Seybold Report
San Francisco, Calif. 94107


Subject: DOJ Clipper Documents Scheduled for Summer Release Under FOIA

From: Lee Tien 
Date: Wed, 4 May 1994 08:00:28 -0700

As you know, there has been much debate about the Clipper Chip 
nitiative, but relatively little hard information.  John Gilmore,
member of the board of directors of the Electronic Frontier 
Foundation, filed FOIA requests to numerous government 
agencies last April after the Clipper plan was announced.  In 
June 1993, he filed a FOIA lawsuit against the Justice Department 
("DOJ") and the Federal Bureau of Investigation ("FBI").
Gilmore v. FBI, et al, C-93-2117, U.S. District Judge Charles
Legge, Northern District of California.

As a result of this lawsuit, the Justice Department has agreed to a 
Telephony.  The Justice Department and Gilmore signed a joint 
Justice Department and several other federal agencies agreed to 

          a)     DOJ's Office of Information and Privacy ("OIP")  will
transmit all documents recovered in its search for responsive
consultations to the appropriate agencies or DOJ components by
May 31, 1994.  OIP will complete processing of all documents that
t has identified as not requiring referrals or consultations to
other agencies or DOJ components by June 20, 1994.

          b)     DOJ's Justice Management Division ("JMD") will
complete processing of all documents recovered in its search for

          c)     The Office of Management and Budget ("OMB") will
as of April 20, 1994 by May 20, 1994.

          d)     The National Security Agency ("NSA") will respond to
all DOJ consultation requests which it had received as of April

          e)     The National Security Council ("NSC") will respond to
all DOJ consultation requests which NBC had received as of April

          f)     The Department of Commerce and National Institute  of
Standards and Technology (collectively "Commerce") will respond
to all DOJ consultation requests which Commerce had received as
of April 20, 1994 by August 7, 1994.  Commerce will complete
as of April 20, 1994 for direct response to plaintiff by August

The documents being processed by the NSC include the Presidential Review
Directive and Presidential Decision Directive which started the Clipper
nitiative.  We have been informed that NSC is processing the two
final versions as well as 68 draft versions.  

We have also been informed that documents produced in the course
of the OMB legislative clearance process for the Digital Telephony
Bill are being processed.  This should provide insight into how the

We have also been informed that there are approximately 25 
of industry views on Clipper.  

Obviously, we do not know how much useful information will be
Given the recent directives from the President and the Attorney General
that all possible discretionary disclosures of information should be made,

Unfortunately, the FBI is not a party to this agreement.  We are in
the process of attempting to obtain the release of about 3000 pages
of FBI records.  FBI has told the Court that it will be approximately
We believe that this delay is unlawful and cannot be countenanced.  

The FBI offered to complete its processing a year from when we sign an
agreement; we believe they should process these documents in a maximum
of six months (which would be a year and a half from our original FOIA
Court, and Judge Legge will decide what deadlines to impose on the

The agreement mentioned above does not include NSA except to the
extent that NSA is reviewing documents submitted to it by the
Department of Justice.  We also filed a FOIA request with NSA for all
of its documents on Clipper, and have received no response after a
year.  We have an existing lawsuit against NSA's pattern and practice
of delay in responding to FOIA requests.  Depending on how that suit

Lee Tien (Attorney for John Gilmore) and John Gilmore
tien@well.sf.ca.us                       gnu@toad.com


UPDATE - Gilmore & Tien have appealed govt. lack of response.

From: gnu@toad.com (John Gilmore)
Date: 6 May 94 00:23:21 GMT

Neither the Treasury Dept. nor the Commerce Dept. has responded
further to our FOIA requests regarding the Clipper key database.  Both
agencies requested that we extend their time limits, and we did so;
neither has responded within the new deadline of their choice.  We
formal appeal letters this week.

Both agencies have gone way beyond the 10-day deadline (20 days if
consultation with other agencies is needed) written into the Freedom
of Information Act.  As we all remember Tax Day, April 15th, let's
also remember how the IRS penalizes us when *we* don't meet *their*

By law, these government agencies have 20 working days to process our
new appeal.  Appeals are sometimes handled by more competent people
than ordinary FOIA requests, but adherence to time limits is not

The next step twenty days after the appeal is to sue the government in
Federal District Court for release of the records.  As you might
expect, this is also a lengthy process.  In the two FOIA suits I now
every procedural trick in the book to delay the progress of the
lawsuits, so that they can defer becoming accountable to the public as
long as possible.

[Copies of our two appeal letters are available from EFF. See below for
more information.]

There is a bill pending in Congress, S. 1782 by Sen. Leahy, Brown, and
Kerry, that would provide penalties of up to $75/day against agencies
that withhold information after the FOIA time limits, as well as
choice of machine-readable format if the records in that format can be
made with "reasonable effort" (e.g. putting a tape in the tape drive).
Senator or Representative to co-sponsor the "Electronic Freedom of
current status by doing `telnet locis.loc.gov', then picking Federal
Legislation, Current Congress, "retrieve S. 1782", and "display item 1

	John Gilmore

Copies of the 2 appeal letters sent by Tien & Gilmore are available at:
ftp.eff.org, /pub/EFF/Legal/Gilmore_v_NSA/clipper_foia_appeal.letters
and at the EFF BBS, Outpost - EFF Online, +1 202 638 6120


Subject: New Faces on EFF Board and Staff

Over the last few months, EFF has gained several new staffmembers, and 2
additional boardmembers.  We're very glad to have them with us, and feel
the are the best and the brightest.  We'd like to introduce them to you.

* Denise Caruso, EFF Boardmember 
  Editorial Director of Information Services
  Technology & Media Group, Inc.
Denise Caruso is one of the leading analysts and observers of the emerging
ndustry of digital convergence. She is the editorial director of the
Technology & Media Group, Inc.  Technology and Media is a subsidiary of Friday
Holdings, L.P., a new venture founded in May 1993 to create, acquire and invest
n media properties.  Friday Holdings was founded by Norman Pearlstine, former
executive editor of the Wall Street Journal along with limited partners
technology with traditional forms of communication, information and
Before joining Technology & Media, Caruso was the founding editor of Digital
Media, a widely acclaimed newsletter published by Seybold Publications, a
the San Jose Mercury News on a wide range of technology subjects.  In addition,
Caruso has held editorial positions at a variety of trade publications,
ncluding the West Coast bureau of Electronics and Infoworld magazines.
Caruso serves on the board of directors of the electronic Frontier Foundation.
Caruso holds a BA in English from California Polytechnic State University in
San Luis Obispo, Calif.

* Jane Metcalfe, EFF Boardmember 
  President and Co-founder, WIRED Magazine

Ms. Metcalfe and her partner, Louis Rossetto, began planning for WIRED in
January 1991 and eventually moved from Amsterdam to San Francisco to launch
the title. The first issue was released at Macworld and the Consumer
Electronics Show in January 1993.

Amsterdam-based cult magazine covering such leading edge technologies as
machine translation, optical character recognition and speech recognition. She

Valentine Palomba, where she was responsible for the marketing and sales of
computers to her firm for accounting and catalog production.

At her first job out of college, she was charged with co-developing a
multi-currency accounting system for a Wang mini-computer, and was 
nstrumental in setting up an asynchronous telecommunications link between

Metcalfe graduated with honors from the University of Colorado with a degree in
Foundation in January, 1994.

* Mary Beth Arnett, EFF Staff Counsel 

As Staff Counsel, Mary Beth Arnett analyzes legislative proposals and
Before joining the Electronic Frontier Foundation, Ms. Arnett was an
attorney for four years at a national law and policy research institute,
She evaluated how market forces, enforcement practices, and constitutional
and statutory doctrines affect the Jeffersonian ideal of empowering
citizens through information provision.  Ms. Arnett served for six years as
a public member of a state licensing and regulatory board, where she
chaired an administrative rulemaking committee and testified before
legislative committees.

Ms. Arnett received her B.A. and J.D. from the University of Wisconsin. 
During law school, she served as Senior Managing Editor of the Wisconsin
Law Review and was a judicial intern in the Wisconsin Supreme Court.

* Janlori Goldman, EFF/ACLU Privacy & Technology Project Dir. 

Ms. Goldman will be coordinating EFF's Privacy & Technology Project, a way
for EFF to develop it's own advocacy positions while also exploring
nformation privacy isses with industry and other public interest
organizations.  Goldman will lead an effort to develop technolgical and
legal means to increase individual control over personal information held
by commerical and governmental parties, and will focus on a wide range of 
ncreasingly important topics, such as national federal ID card schemes,
and the privacy of health care records.

Goldman directed a previous Project on Privacy & Technology for the
American Civil Liberties Union, which tackled caller ID, access to credit
fingerprinting and other modern privacy issues.  She began her work for
ACLU in 1984 at the Minneapolis chapter as a trial attorney, but relocated
to Washington to work on privacy concerns, attending conferences, giving
Congressional testimony, and analyzing legislation, as ACLU's only
full-time privacy attorney.  Prior to ACLU, Goldman was employed as a

Goldman graduated in 1979 from Macalester College in St. Paul, and then
attended Hofstra University Law School, graduating in 1984, an appropriate
year for one of the best known privacy attorneys in America.

* Jonah Seiger, EFF Project Coordinator 

Mr. Seiger will be responsible for coordinating EFF's policy working groups
and for providing research and administrative support to our policy staff.
He will also serve as an information collection and dissemination point for
all of EFF's public policy activities.

A native of Palo Alto California, Jonah graduated cum laude last May from
the University of Michigan with a degree in Psychology and Studies in
Religion.  He joins EFF after serving as a legislative intern for the
House Subcommittee on Telecommunications and Finance, chaired by Rep.
Edward Markey (D-MA).   

cooking, reading, and music (he is an avid guitar player).  Please feel
free to call on Jonah with questions regarding EFF's public policy working

[The complete EFF Board/Staff/Volunteer List is available as ftp.eff.org,


Subject: Note About EFFector - Are You Moving?

Since a change of season is upon us, many people will be moving, going on
vacation, dismantling their machines for that spring upgrade, and so forth.

be bouncing, please unsubscribe yourself from the EFFector mailing list if
you receive EFFector by email.  You can do this by sending a message to
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unsubscribe effector-online

Subject line is ignored.  To subscribe or re-subscribe to the
list, send a similar message but containing 

You do not need to put your name or email address in these commands.

You can find about how our listserver works and get descriptions of our
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Thank you, and have a great spring and summer, where ever you'll be!


Subject: What YOU Can Do

Experience should teach us to be most on our guard to protect liberty when
the Government's purposes are beneficent. Men born to freedom are naturally
alert to repel invasion of their liberty by evil-minded rulers. The

  - Justice Louis D. Brandeis, dissenting, _Olmstead_v._United States_,
    277 U.S. 479 (1928)

You've been following the newspapers and reading EFFector Online. 
You know that today there are several battles being fought over the future
of personal privacy.  The Clipper chip, export restrictions, the Digital
Telephony proposal - the arguments are numerous and complex, but the

The Electronic Frontier Foundation believes that individuals should be
able to ensure the privacy of their personal communications through any
technological means they choose.  However, the government's current
Rep. Maria Cantwell has introduced a bill (H.R. 3627) in the House that
needs vocal support if the bill is to make it out of the committee stage.  

The decisions that are made today will affect our futures indefinitely.  
EFF is a respected voice for the rights of users of online technologies
and EFF members receive regular online updates on the issues that affect
our online communications and particpate in shaping the future.

Now, more than ever, EFF is working to make sure that you are the one that
makes these decisions for yourself.  Our members are making themselves heard
on the whole range of issues.  To date, EFF has collected over 4800 letters
of support for Rep. Cantwell's bill to liberalize restrictions on
cryptography.  We also have over 1400 letters supporting Sen. Leahy's 
open hearings on the proposed Clipper encryption scheme, scheduled for
April 27, 1994.

email to cantwell@eff.org, Subject: I support HR 3627

Your letters will be printed out and hand delivered to Rep. Cantwell by EFF.

You KNOW privacy is important. You have probably participated in our online
campaigns.  Have you become a member of EFF yet?  The best way to protect
your online rights is to be fully informed and to make your opinions heard.
EFF members are informed and are making a difference.  Join EFF today!


Why You Should Join the Electronic Frontier Foundation

Every day decisions are being made that will affect your life online.
Decisions about what sorts of technology you can use to protect the privacy
of your communications.  Decisions about what services you will be able to
are made before you even know that there are choices.

The Electronic Frontier Foundation has been working since July 1990 to
ensure that the civil liberties guaranteed in the Constitution and the Bill
of Rights are applied to new communications technologies.  Our members join
EFF to make sure that they are informed about the issues and debates that
following benefits:

*  subscription to our quarterly hard copy newsletter Networks & Policy;

*  subscription to our biweekly electronic newsletter EFFector Online;

*  online bulletins that will keep you informed about the key legal,
legislative and policy developments affecting your online communications;

*  an online response mechanism to make themselves heard on key issues.

EFF is a respected voice for the rights of users of online technologies.
We feel that the best way to protect your online rights is to be fully
nformed and to make your opinions heard.  EFF members are informed, and
are making a difference.  Join EFF today!

-------- 8< ------- cut here ------- 8< --------


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End of EFFector Online v07 #08