Measles cases up 200% this year in the Philippines
Philippines health officials report a 203 percent increase
in measles cases in 2022. From January 1 to October 8,467
cumulative measles cases have been reported.
This compares with 154 cases reported during the same
period in 2021.
The regions reporting the most measles cases include
Calabarzon (84), Central Visayas (63) and Metro Manila
One death has been recorded in the Bangsamoro Autonomous
Region In Muslim Mindanao (BARMM) region.
Other vaccine preventable diseases where the country is reporting
increases include diphtheria (53 cases/16 deaths in 2022 vs 31
cases/10 deaths in 2021; rubella (43 cases in 2022 vs 31 in 2021
and tetanus (572 cases/152 deaths in 2022 vs 439 cases/104
deaths in 2021).
Measles is a highly contagious virus that spreads through the air
by direct contact with infectious droplets or by airborne spread
when an infected person breathes, coughs, or sneezes. The measles
virus can live for up to two hours in an airspace after an infected
person leaves an area.
People can spread measles up to four days before and four days
after a rash. Signs and symptoms of measles include maculopapular
rash, high fever, and a cough, runny nose, or red, watery eyes.
Measles can be severe in all age groups and can lead to serious
complications, such as pneumonia (infection of the lungs) and death.
Several groups are more likely to suffer from measles complications,
including children younger than five years of age, adults older than
20 years of age, pregnant women, and people with compromised
immune systems, such as from leukemia or HIV infection.