/* R FRINGE COMMENTARY- The North Carolina Computer Crimes Law
follows, General Statutes of North Carolina, Section 14-453,
SECTION 14-453 Definitions
As used in this section, unless the context clearly requires
otherwise, the following terms have the meanings specified:
(1) "Access" means to approach, instruct, communicate with,
cause input, cause output, or otherwise make use of any of
the resources of a computer, computer system or computer
(2) "Computer" means an internally programmed, automatic device
that performs data processing.
(3) "Computer network" means the interconnection of
communication systems with a computer through remote
terminals, or a complex consisting of two or more
(4) "Computer program" means an ordered set of data that are
coded instructions or statements that when executed by a
computer causes the computer to process data.
(5) "Computer software" a set of computer programs, procedures
and associated documentation concerned with the operation of
a computer system.
(6) "Computer system" means a set of related, connected or
unconnected computer equipment and devices.
(7) "Financial statement" /*sic*/ incudes but is not limited to
any check, draft, money order, certificate of deposit, letter
of credit, bill of exchange, credit card of [or] marketable
security, or any electronic data processing representation
/* This section is full of typos (done by them, not by R FRINGE!)
First of all, they must mean "financial instrument", and the
editors of the version of the North Carolina General Statutes I
used tried to clean up the credit card section.*/
(8) "Property" includes but is not limited to, financial
instruments, information, including electronically processed
or produced data, and computer software and programs, in
either machine human readable form, and any other tangible or
intangible item of value.
(9) "Services" includes, but is not limited to, computer time,
data processing and storage functions.
SECTION 16-9-93 Accessing of computers, etc., for fraudulent
(a) A person is guilty of a Class H felony if he willfully,
attempts to access any computer, computer system, computer
network, or any part thereof for the purpose of:
(1) Devising or executing any scheme or artifice to defraud
unless the object of the scheme or artifice is to obtain
educational testing material, a false educational testing
score, or a false academic or vocational grade; or,
(2) Obtaining property or services other than educational
testing material, a false educational testing score, or a
false academic or vocational grade for himself or another, by
means of false or fraudulent pretenses, representations or
(b) Any person who willfully and without authorization,
computer, computer system, computer network, or any part thereof,
for any purpose other than those set forth in subsection (a)
above, is guilty of a misdemeanor.
SECTION 14-455 Damaging computers and related materials
(a) A person is guilty of a Class H felony if he willfully
and without authorization, alters, damages, destroys a computer,
computer system, computer network, or any part thereof.
of this article shall be considered to have been committed:
(b) A person is guilty of a misdemeanor if he willfully and
external to a computer, computer system or computer network.
SECTION 14-456 Denial of computer services to an authorized user
Any person who willfully and without authorization denies or
causes the denial of computer system services to an authorized
user of such computer system services, is guilty of a
SECTION 14-457 Extortion
Any person who verbally or by a written or printed
communication, maliciously threatens to commit an act described in
G.S. 14-455 with the intent to extort money or any pecuniary
advantage, or with the intent to compel any person to do or
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