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urban The Definitive Answer to Driv

Found at: 0x1bi.net:70/textfiles/file?law/driving.bar

From: jrh@dixie.aiss.uiuc.edu (Jason R. Heimbaugh)
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.urban
Subject: The (Almost) Definitive Answer to Driving Barefoot in America (LONG)
Date: 27 Jul 1994 22:11:28 GMT

NOTE:  I sent my initial letters to all 50 states, and the District of
       Columbia two months ago and have received 42 replies.  I don't 
       currently have the time to remail requests to the 9 dead beat, lazy 
       ass, worthless states that miserably failed to respond (Arizona, 
       Arkansas, Hawaii, Kansas, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, South 
       Carolina Utah,  and Washington).  If you work for the DMV in one of 
       these states and are reading this here, it doesn't surprise me.

       Anyways, I will send requests to state police departments sometime 
       in September when my schedule frees up.  But, based on the parallel 
       information I've already received from AAA, I don't think the results 
       will be different.

Driving Barefoot in America
===========================

Written & researched by: Jason R. Heimbaugh (jrh@uiuc.edu)
URL: ftp://cathouse.org/pub/cathouse/urban.legends/legal/driving.barefoot
Last updated: July 27, 1994

The AFU FAQ (dated June 10, 1994) says (quotation cited under fair use):

"WILD LIFE IN THE FAST LANE
F. Driving barefoot is illegal most places (Nope, but it's dumb to goad cops)
T. Driving barefoot is illegal in the state of Kentucky.
Copyrighted 1991-94.  All rights reserved by Terry Chan (twchan@lbl.gov)."

except" phrase, so I sent a letter requesting information to the Department 
of Motor Vehicles (or the closest thing I could find) in all 50 states and 
the District of Columbia.

The results show that the FAQ is almost right.  The one error is that it is 
*not* illegal to drive barefoot in the state of Kentucky.  This information
comes from Charles F. Brown, Director, Division of Driver Licensing, who
Revised Statutes, I can find no evidence of any prohibition against 
operating a motor vehicle while being barefooted.  I also contacted [the]
Kentucky State Police's office of legal counsel.  I was informed that they 
too know of no statutory limitations for driving while being barefooted."

Seward W. Goss, Administrative Assistant, Planning and Research Unit,
Alabama Department of Public Safety, stated that while driving a car
barefoot is legal, anyone operating or riding on a motorcycle is required 
to wear shoes ($32-5A-245. Headgear and shoes required for motorcycle 

Janet Wilcox, Analyst, Communications Section, Bureau of Driver & Vehicle
Records, Michigan Department of State noted that while there is no law 
making driving barefoot illegal, "if a police officer feels that it is a 
careless driving practise, he may ticket you for careless driving."  Not 
quite as strong, was Lt. Col. John F. Lyding, Director, Division of Driver 
Licensing and School Vehicle Safety of the Maryland Department of
Transportation who wrote:

     "However, *in my opinion* [emphasis added], a law enforcement officer
     might charge an individual under either of the two articles listed 
     below if the barefoot driving contributed to:

          *     $21-901(a) Reckless driving vehicle in wanton and willful
                disregard for the safety of persons and property; or

          *     $21-901(b) Negligent driving vehicle in careless and
                imprudent manner endangering property, life and person.

     A driver charged under these articles or any article would have the 
     right to trial where the 'barefoot' aspect of the case might be 
     disputed."

Brian Grisham, Staff Attorney, Tennessee Department of Safety found no
that a review of all local ordinances would be necessary in order to obtain 
an definitive answer.  Blow me for not delving in that far - get it 
yourself if you need that much detail (don't forget the local ordinances in 
*all* states while you're at it).

Wyoming all made the point that even though it was not illegal, driving
barefoot was unsafe and, therefore, not a recommended practise.

Based on this information, I would suggest changing the FAQ to read:

F. Driving barefoot is illegal. (Nope, but it's dumb to goad cops.)
T. ...Unless you're operating/riding a motorcycle in Alabama.
Tb....You *might* be ticketed in MI/MD for careless/reckless driving.
T. ...It's not "recommended" by Indiana, Iowa, Missouri, Ohio, or Wyoming.
T. ...Jason *REALLY* needs to get laid^H^H^H^H a life.

Then again, 4 lines is an awful lot for such a trivial point.  Oh well, 
this document turned out to be 1350 lines!

this and other information was available in the American Automobile 
Association (AAA) book, "Digest of Motor Laws".  This is the information 
those bastards stranded me two straight times before I dropped them; they 

American States
---------------

  Alabama:
    Barefoot Driving: Operation of a motor vehicle by a driver with
      bare feet is permitted. Exception: motorcycle rider.

  Ohio:
    Barefoot Driving: Operation of a motor vehicle by a driver with
      bare feet is permitted but not recommended.

  California:
    Barefoot Driving: Operation of a motor vehicle by a driver with
      bare feet is not prohibited.

  Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware,Florida,
  Georgia, Hawaii, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky,
  Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, 
  Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New
  Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Oklahoma,
  Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota,
  Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia,
  Wisconsin, and Wyoming:
    Barefoot Driving: Operation of a motor vehicle by a driver with
      bare feet is permitted.

District of Columbia
--------------------

  Barefoot Driving: Operation of a motor vehicle by a driver with
    bare feet is permitted.

American Territories
--------------------

  American Samoa, Peurto Rico, Virgin Islands:
    Barefoot Driving: Operation of a motor vehicle by a driver with
      bare feet is permitted.

  Guam:
    Driving Barefoot: No information.

Canadien Provinces & Territories
-------------------------------- 

  Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, New Foundland,
  Northwest Territories, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island,
  Quebec, Saskatchewan, Yukon Territory:
    Barefoot Driving: Operation of a motor vehicle by a driver with
      bare feet is permitted.
      
Notes:

  1.  AAA did not include the two "warnings" about Michigan and Maryland
      that I received from direct correspondence.

  2.  AAA did note that Ohio did not recommend driving barefoot, but 
      mentioned nothing about Indiana, Iowa, Missouri, or Wyoming.

  3.  AAA made no mention of the possibility of local ordinances banning
      driving barefoot in Tennessee.

  4.  AAA also included a bunch of worthless information about Canada.
      Like anyone cares.

Favorite Quote (Coincidentally from Illinois):
---------------------------------------------
"It is always a pleasure to respond to citizens interested in familiarizing
themselves with traffic laws."

Best Reproduction Error Award (My Fault):  
----------------------------------------
"As your correspondence indicates, it is a common misconception among many
citizens that suck action is illegal."

Best Joke Relating to Subject:
-----------------------------
Whitney: You'd think that Kentucky would be the one place you *could* 
         drive barefoot.
Me^H^HSomeone: It's to keep the wimmin folk from drivin'.

What follows are my initial letter and all of the responses I received,
are also included for those wishing addresses for other inquiries.

---------------------------------------------------------------------------
Jason R. Heimbaugh
R.R. 1 Box 120
Champaign, IL 61821

May 27, 1994

[Department of Motor Vehicles]

Dear Sir,

There seems to be a common misconception that it is illegal to drive a car
barefoot in most states (though this is believed to be true in the state of
Kentucky.)  My purpose in writing to you is to ask: 


vehicle code?

Thank you for your time and effort in answering my questions,

Jason R. Heimbaugh

cc: Department of Motor Vehicles in all 50 states and the District of
    Columbia
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alabama Department of                    Colonel George F. McMinn, Director  
                                           Assistant Director

                                 June 2, 1994

Mr. Jason R. Heimbaugh
R.R.1 Box 120
Champaign, IL 61821

Dear Jason:

     Alabama does not have any laws requiring footwear except
motorcycle operation or rider (copy enclosed).  It is not
llegal to drive a car barefoot in this state.

     Thank you for your letter.

                                 Sincerely,

                                 Seward W. Goss
                                 Administrative Assistant
                                 Planning and Research Unit

SWG:br
Enclosure

          Headquarters                              Driver License
      Post Office Box 1511                       Post Office Box 1471
 Montgomery, Alabama 36102-1511             Montgomery, Alabama 36102-1471
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
$ 32-5A-245             MOTOR VEHICLES AND TRAFFIC                      188

$ 32-5A-245. Headgear and shoes required for motorcycle riders;
              approval of headgear; responsibility for juvenile riders;
              sale of helmets.

 (a) No person shall operate or ride upon a motorcycle or motor-driven 
cycle unless he is wearing protective headgear which complies with 
 (b) No person shall operate or ride upon a motorcycle or motor-driven 
cycle unless he is wearing shoes.
 (c) This section shall not apply to persons riding within an enclosed cab.
 (d) The director of public safety is hereby authorized to approve or
lishing standards and specifications for the approval thereof. The director 
of public safety shall publish lists of all protective headgear which have 
been approved by him.
 (e) No person shall knowingly permit or allow any juvenile for whom he or
by section 32-12-41.
 (f) No person shall knowingly permit or allow any juvenile for whom he or
 (g) No manufacturer, retailer or other person shall sell or offer for sale
motorcycle helmets that fail to comply with the standards established by 
the director of public safety pursuant to this section. (Acts 1980, No. 

                               Commentary

   This section differs significantly from the previous Alabama laws on 
 this subject, sections 32-12-40 through 32-12-44. Subsection (a) is in 
 substantial conformity with the prior statute, section 32-12-40. There 
 were no previous laws comparable to subsections (b), (c) or (d). 
 Subsection (d) authorizes the director of public safety to set standards 
 for helmets, and, since these may vary from time to time, especially as 
 new materials become available, within the guidelines of the statutory
 requirements of sections 32-12-41 and 32-12-42. Subsections (e) and (g)
 are not to be found in the UVC, but are designed to carry over desirable
 provisions in prior Alabama law, sections 32-12-43 and 32-12-40
 respectively. Subsections (d) and (f) and the portions of other
 subsections relating to the requirement that shoes worn are to be found
 neither in the prior Alabama laws nor in the UVC, but were added pursuant 
 to amendments by the senate committee, and represent an additional and
 desirable safety provision.

 Collateral references - 60 C.J.S.,    ALR3d 856.
Motor Vehicles, $ 43.                   Products liability: sufficiency of            
 Validity of traffice regulations      evidence to support product misuse
 Failure of motorcyclist to wear       and machinery. 64 ALR4th 10.
equipment as contributory negligence,  helmet or other protective equipment  
assumption of risk, or failure to      as affecting recov- [sic]
avoid consequences of accident. 40 
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
STATE OF ALASKA                                  WALTER J. HICKEL, GOVERNOR
DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC SAFETY
OFFICE OF THE COMMISSIONER                       P.O. BOX 111200
                                                 JUNEAU, ALASKA 99811-1200
                                                 PHONE: (907) 465-4322
                                                 FAX:   (907) 465-4362

                                       June 8, 1994

Jason R. Heimbaugh
R. R. 1 Box 120
Champaign, IL 61821

Dear Mr. Heimbaugh,

Your letter to the governor regarding driving barefoot was forwarded to me
for a response.

The State of Alaska does not have a statute or an administrative regulation
that prohibits driving barefoot.


                                       Sincerely,

                                       Sergeant Daniel W. Lowden
                                       Planning and Research Section
                                       Alaska Department of Public Safety
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
STATE OF CALIFORNIA-BUSINESS, TRANSPORTATION, AND HOUSING AGENCY
                                                      PETE WILSON, Governor
DEPARTMENT OF MOTOR VEHICLES
SACRAMENTO, CA 94232-3450

June 20, 1994

Jason R. Heimbaugh
R. R. 1 Box 120
Champaign, IL 61821

Dear Mr. Heimbaugh:

This is in reply to your letter of May 27, 1994, inquiring about the
legality of driving a motor vehicle while barefoot.

Section and was informed California has no specified requirements relating
to operation of a motor vehicle and foot wear. A review of the California
Vehicle Code failed to disclose a statute or law which prohibits the
operation of a motor vehicle while barefoot.

questions, please contact me at (916) 657-6560.

Sincerely,

ELAINE MILLER

                          A Public Service Agency
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
Colorado Motor Vehicle Division
Denver, CO 80204

No.

There is no statue [sic] that required [sic] a person to wear foot gear,
to operate a motor vehicle in this State,

[unsigned - big surprise]
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
STATE OF CONNECTICUT
DEPT. OF MOTOR VEHCILES
WETHERSFIELD, CT 06161                                       (203) 566-8797

Dear Mr. Heimbaugh,

     There is no statute or regulation in the State of Connecticut

                                    Don Bradley   6/10/94
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
                             STATE OF DELAWARE
                        DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC SAFETY
                        DIVISION OF MOTOR VEHICLES
                               P.O. BOX 698
                           DOVER, DELAWARE 19903

                                  June 7, 1994

Mr. Jason R. Heimbaugh
RR 1, Box 120
Champaign, IL 61821

Dear Mr. Heimbaugh:



                                  Sincerely,

                                  Andrea Roos
                                  Drivers License
                                  (302) 739-4497

ar
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
                  GOVERNMENT OF THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA
                        DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC WORKS
                  TRANSPORTATION SYSTEMS ADMINISTRATION
                             WASHINGTON, D.C.

OFFICE OF THE ADMINISTRATOR                                       REPLY TO:
BUREAU OF ADJUDICATION                     Bureau of Motor Vehicle Services
BUREAU OF MOTOR VEHICLE SERVICES           Office of the Chief
BUREAU OF PARKING SERVICES                 301 C Street, N.W., Room 1018
BUREAU OF TRAFFIC SERVICES                 Washington, D.D. 20001

                                   June 6, 1994

Mr. Jason R. Heimbaugh
R.R. 1 Box 120
Champaign, Illinois 61821

Dear Mr. Heimbaugh:

On behalf of Mayor Sharon Pratt Kelly, I am responding to your
letter of May 27, 1994, concerning driving a vehicle barefoot.

The Metropolitan Police Department has advised this office that
there is no District of Columbia regulation prohibiting driving a
motor vehicle barefoot.


                                   Sincerely,

                                   James E. Nance
                                   Chief

                   BUCKLE UP It's a Law we can live with
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
Florida Highway Safety and Motor Vehicles Department
Neil Kirkman Building
Tallahassee, FL 32301

NO.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
                        Department of Public Safety
                           Post Office Box 1456 
Colonel Sid Miles       Atlanta, Georgia 30371-2303    Wayne P. Yancey
  Commissioner                                   Director of Legal Services

                           June 27, 1994

Mr. Jason R. Heimbaugh
Route 1 Box 120
Champaign, Illinois 61821

Dear Mr. Heimbaugh:

     Your letter regarding the legality of driving barefoot in
Georgia has been forwarded to the Legal Services Section for

     There is no law in Georgia that pertains to driving an
automobile without any shoes.

                                   Sincerely,

                                   Melissa J. Lunsford
                                   Legal Advisor

MJL:lrs
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
           STATE OF IDAHO              Cecil D. Andrus, Governor
                         TRANSPORTATION DEPARTMENT
           P.O. Box 7129 * BOISE, ID * 83707-1129 * 208/334-8000

June 6, 1994

JASON R HEIMBAUGH
RR 1 BOX 120
CHAMPAIGN IL 61821

Dear Mr. Heimbaugh:

There is no motor vehicle code that relates to driving while barefoot.

Sincerely,

JANE CAVINESS
Driver Services Manager

JC:AS:\mds\daily.ltrw

                     - An Equal Opportunity Employer -
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY OF STATE                DRIVER SERVICES DEPARTMENT
GEORGE H. RYAN                                  2701 SOUTH DIRKSEN PARKWAY
SECRETARY OF STATE                              SPRINGFIELD, ILLINOIS 62723

                           June 9, 1994

Mr. Jason R. Heimbaugh
R.R. 1, Box 120
Champaign, IL 61821

Dear Mr. Heimbaugh:

     Thank you for your recent letter concerning the legality of
operating a motor vehicle barefoot.  It is always a pleasure to
traffic laws.

     You are correct in your belief that there may be a
misconception concerning this issue.  We do from time to time
are no provisions in the Illinois Vehicle Code that prohibits
operating a motor vehicle "barefoot".

     I hope this information has been of interest.  Please feel
free to contact this office any time I may be of assistance.

                           Sincerely,

                           Greg O'Connor
                           Director
                           Drivers Services Department

GO'C:isb
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
STATE OF INDIANA                                     STATE OF INDIANA
GILBERT L. HOLMES, Commissioner                  BUREAU OF MOTOR VEHICLES
                                                  100 NORTH SENATE AVENUE
                                                INDIANAPOLIS, INDIANA 46204

June 8, 1994

Mr. Jason R. Heimbaugh
R.R. 1 Box 120
Champaign, IL 61821

Re: Barefoot Driving

Dear Mr. Heimbaugh:

     I have received your inquiry into this topic.  Barefoot
about certain laws, and which states have adopted them, a handy
branch, though I belive they do charge for it.

     I hope this provides the information you needed.  Please
contact me if you have any further questions.

Sincerely,

Kelly R. Battershell
Staff Attorney

cc: Gilbert L. Holmes, Commissioner

                       An Equal Opportunity Employer
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

June 27, 1994

Jason R. Heimbaugh
RR 1, Box 120
Champaign, IL 61821

Dear Mr. Heimbaugh:

nquired about Iowa's laws pertaining to driving barefoot.

There is no law in Iowa prohibiting driving barefoot.  The practise is
nhibited with a bare foot more than if there was a shoe of some sort on
the foot.  The change in control may lead to an accident.

Feel free to contact this office if we may be of further assistance.

                                      Sincerely,

                                      STEVEN A. TUDOR
                                      Senior Examiner
                                      Office of Driver Services

SAT:mbh
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
                         COMMONWEALTH OF KENTUCKY
DON C. KELLY, P.E.        TRANSPORTATION CABINET          BRERETON C. JONES
  SECRETARY OF           FRANKFORT, KENTUCKY 40622            GOVERNOR
 TRANSPORTATION

    JERRRY D. ANGLIN
    DEPUTY SECRETARY
          AND
COMMISSIONER OF HIGHWAYS

                                          June 24, 1994

Jason R. Heimbaugh
R.R. 1 Box 120
Champaign, IL 61821

Dear Mr. Heimbaugh,

     Thank you for the opportunity to respond to your letter of May 27, 
Revised Statutes, I can find no evidence of any prohibition against 
operating a motor vehicle while being barefooted.  I also contacted [the]
Kentucky State Police's office of legal counsel.  I was informed that they
too know of no statutory limitations for driving while being barefooted.

     I trust this answers your questions to your satisfaction.  Should you

                                          Sincerely,

                                          Charles F. Brown, Director
                                          Division of Driver Licensing

CB/RH/ds

                  KENTUCKY TRANSPORTATION CABINET MISSION
      "PROVIDE A SAFE, EFFICIENT, ENVIRONMENTALLY SOUND, AND FISCALLY
   RESPONSIBLE TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM WHICH PROMOTES ECONOMIC GROWTH AND
                 ENHANCES THE QUALITY OF LIFE IN KENTUCKY."
                   "AN EQUAL OPPORTUNITY EMPLOYER M/F/D"
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
                            STATE OF LOUISIANA
                DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC SAFETY AND CORRECTIONS
                          PUBLIC SAFETY SERVICES

EDWIN W. EDWARDS                                      COL. PAUL W. FONTENOT
    GOVERNOR                                             SUPERINTENDENT

                               June 27, 1994
                             0420/241/BJG/0056

Jason R. Heimbaugh
R.R. 1 Box 120
Champaign, IL 61821

Dear Mr. Heimbaugh:

     Louisiana has no statute which requires footwear while operating a
motor vehicle.  Therefore, it is legal to drive while barefooted.

Sincerely,

Sergeant Bobby Guidroz
Louisiana State Police

BJG:jws

                       COURTESY * LOYALTY * SERVICE
    OFFICE OF STATE POLICE, P.O. BOX 66614, BATON ROUGE, LA. 70896-6614 
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
                         Bureau of Motor Vehicles
                              Department of
                          the Secretary of State

G. William Diamond                         Gregory C. Hanscom
Secretary of State                         Deputy Secretary of State

Janet E. Waldron                           William E. Dowling
Assistant Secretary of State               Asst. to Dep. Secretary of State

                                           Robert E. O'Connell, Jr.
                                           Dir., Driver Licensing & Control

                                 June 3, 1994

Jason R. Heimbaugh
RR 1 Box 120
Champaign, Il. 61821

Dear Mr. Heimbaugh,

     This is in response to your letter of May 27, 1994, in which
you ask whether it is illegal to drive barefoot in the State of
Maine.  A brief review of our driving laws fail to show any
of Maine.

                                 Sincerely,

                                 Susan C. Cookson
                                 Assistant Director
                                 Driver Licensing & Control
SCC/sp

  State House Station #29, Augusta, Maine 04333-0029, Tel. (207) 287-2576
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
MVA MARYLAND DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION               O. James Lighthizer
    MOTOR VEHICLE ADMINISTRATION                        Secretary
                                                        W. Marshall Rickert
                                                        Administrator

                              June 3, 1994

Mr. Jason R. Heimbaugh
R.R. 1 Box 120
Champaign, Illinois 61821

                                                       RE: Driving Barefoot

Dear Mr. Heimbaugh:

     Thank you for your inquiry concerning driving barefoot.

     There is no specific statute requiring a driver to wear
charge an individual under either of the two articles listed
below if the barefoot driving contributed to:

     *     $21-901(a) Reckless driving vehicle in wanton and
           willful disregard for the safety of persons and
           property; or

     *     $21-901(b) Negligent driving vehicle in careless and
           imprudent manner endangering property, life and person.

     A driver charged under these articles or any article would 
might be disputed.

                              Sincerely,

                              Lt. Col. John F. Lyding
                              Director
                              Division of Driver Licensing
                              and School Vehicle Safety
                              410-768-7256

JFL/jl

                      MY TELEPHONE NUMBER IS (410)-
          6601 RITCHIE HIGHWAY, N.E., GLEN BURNIE, MARYLAND 21062
                 TELEPHONE TTY FOR THE DEAF 1-800-492-4575
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
M I C H I G A N   D E P A R T M E N T   O F   S T A T E      LANSING
     RICHARD H. AUSTIN    *    SECRETARY OF STATE            MICHIGAN 48918
               STATE SECONDARY COMPLEX

June 3, 1994

Jason R. Heimbaugh
R R 1 Box 120
Champaign, IL 61821

Dear Mr. Heimbaugh:

Your letter of May 27, 1994 requesting information on driving a vehicle
barefoot has been referred to our department for a reply.

Michigan does not have a law prohibiting the driving of a motor vehicle


Sincerely,

Janet Wilcox, Analyst
Communications Section
Bureau of Driver & Vehicle Records

JW/dld

                 Safety Belts and Slower Speeds Save Lives
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
Minnesota Department of Public Safety, Driver/Vehicle Services Division
Transportation Building
St. Paul, MN 55155


Minnesota does not prohibit driving barefoot.

Gleason [best guess at signature]
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
Mississippi Department of Public Safety
Jackson, MS 39205

No.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
MEL CARNAHAN        MISSOURI DEPARTMENT OF REVENUE        JANETTE M. LOHMAN
  GOVERNOR       OFFICE OF LEGISLATION AND REGULATIONS     DIR. OF REVENUE
                         POST OFFICE BOX 629
                  JEFFERSON CITY, MISSOURI 65105-0629        RICK MOORE
               PHONE: (314) 751-3100 FAX: (314) 526-4597      DIRECTOR

June 2, 1994

Jason R. Heimbaugh
R.R. 1, Box 120
Champaign, Illinois 61821

Dear Mr. Heimbaugh:

a motor vehicle while barefoot.

felt that the driver of a motor vehicle may lack sufficient control over 
the foot controls or lack the ability to exert sufficient pressure on the 
brake in an emergency situation.  For these reasons, this method of 
operating a motor vehicle is discouraged by the Missouri State Highway 


Sincerely,

Rick Moore
Director

RM/ji
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
Drivers Services
Helena, MT 59620

AAA Digest of Motor Laws, sixtieth edition, p. 194 (photocopied & 

     Barefoot Driving: Operation of a motor vehicle by a dri-
       ver with bare feet is permitted. 
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
Nebraska Department of Motor Vehicles
Lincoln, NE 68509

   RECEIVED
 MAY 31 1994
NE DEPT. MOTOR
   VEHICLES

No.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
                              STATE OF NEVADA
                               DEPARTMENT OF
                     MOTOR VEHICLES AND PUBLIC SAFETY
                           NEVADA HIGHWAY PATROL
                              555 Wright Way
BOB MILLER            Carson City, Nevada 89711-0525        JAMES P. WELLER
 Governor                     (702) 687-5300                   Director

                                        June 14, 1994

Mr. Jason R. Heimbaugh
RR 1 box 120
Champaign, Illinois 61821

Dear Mr. Heimbaugh:

Operation of a motor vehicle by a driver with bare feet is permitted in the
State of Nevada.


                                        Sincerely,

                                        Sgt. Thomas W. Hammill
                                        Office of the Chief
                                        Nevada Highway Patrol

TWH:pd
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
MOTOR VEHICLE                                     TRENTON, NEW JERSEY 08666
SERVICES
STATE OF NEW JERSEY
DEPARTMENT OF LAW AND PUBLIC SAFETY
Division of Motor Vehicles

(609) 984-2974

                                     June 8, 1994

Jason R. Heimbaugh
RR 1, Box 120
Champaign, IL 61821

Dear Mr. Heimbaugh:

     This is in response to your inquiry concerning motor vehicle

     In New Jersey, it is not illegal to operate a vehicle while barefoot.

     We hope this addresses your concerns.

                                     Sincerely,

                                     Lora McQueen
                                     ISM Correspondence Center
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
New Mexico
TAXATION AND REVENUE DEPARTMENT

                          MOTOR VEHICLE DIVISION
                          Driver Services Bureau
                              P. O. Box 1028
                      Santa Fe, New Mexico 87504-1028
                       AN EQUAL OPPORTUNITY EMPLOYER

                                                               June 8, 1994

Jason R. Heimbaugh
R. R. 1 Box 120
Champaign, IL 61821

Dear Mr. Heimbaugh:

There is no statutory or regulatory prohibition in the State of New
Mexico against operating a motor vehicle while barefooted.

Sincerely,

Jeannie Soto, Chief
Driver Services Bureau
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
                             STATE OF NEW YORK
                        DEPARTMENT OF MOTOR VEHICLES
                             EMPIRE STATE PLAZA
                           ALBANY, NEW YORK 12228

     PATRICIA B. ADDUCI
        COMMISSIONER
                                                        LEGAL DIVISION
      KATHY A. BENNETT                                  NEAL W. SCHOEN
DEPUTY COMMISSIONER & COUNSEL                       FIRST ASSISTANT COUNSEL

                              June 17, 1994

Mr. Jason R. Heimbaugh
R.R. 1, Box 120
Champaign, IL 61821

Dear Mr. Heimbaugh:

     This is in response to your letter of May 27, 1994.  You ask

     Nothing in the Vehicle and Traffic Law or in the
Commissioner's Regulations prohibits barefooted driving in this
State.

     I trust this information will assist you.

                              Very truly yours,

                              DEBORAH V. DUGAN
                              Assistant Counsel

DVD/hb
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
JUNE 1, 1994

JASON R. HEIMBAUGH
R. R. 1 BOX 120
CHAMPAIGN, IL 61821

Dear Mr. HEIMBAUGH,

Carolina under our present Motor Vehicle Laws.

Sincerely,

MANAGEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEMS
DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION
CENTURY CENTER BLDG B
RALEIGH NC 27610
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
North Dakota State Patrol
TO: Jason
DEPT:
FROM: Sgt. Johnson

_ PER OUR CONVERSATION
_ PER YOUR REQUEST
_ PLEASE SIGN AND RETURN

COMMENTS:

NO.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
ODPS             George V. Voinovich, Governor    Mike DeWine, Ll. Governor

Ohio Department  Charles D. Shipley,        Col. Warren H. Davies,
of Public Safety Director                   Superintendent         
                 240 Parsons Ave.           Ohio State Highway Patrol
                 P.O. Box 7167              660 E. Main St.
                 Columbus, OH 43205-0167    Columbus, OH 43215
                 (614) 466-2550             (614) 466-2660

                 Mitchell J. Brown,         Roger E. Glick,
                 Registrar                  Executive Administrator
                 Bureau of Motor Vehicles   Emergency Medical Services
                 4300 Kimberly Parkway      240 Parsons Ave.
                 P.O. Box 16520             P.O. Box 7167
                 Columbus, OH 43266-0020    Columbus, OH 43205-0167
                 (614) 752-7500             (614) 466-9477 - (800) 233-0785

June 3, 1994

Jason R. Heimbaugh
R. R. 1 Box 120
Champaign, IL. 61821

Dear Mr. Heimbaugh:


However, we do *recommend* that shoes be worn when operating a motor
vehicle in our state.

Sincerely,

Leo Skinner, Chief

                             Mission Statement
 ...to save lives, reduce injuries and economic losses on the streets and
              with the most cost effective methods available.                    
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                             STATE OF OKLAHOMA
                        DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC SAFETY

                          June 27, 1994

Mr. Jason R. Heimbaugh
R.R. 1 Box 120
Champaign, IL 61821

Dear Mr. Heimbaugh:

     We received your correspondence dated May 27, 1994 regarding
f it is illegal to drive barefoot in the State of Oklahoma?  No, it
s not illegal to drive barefoot in the State of Oklahoma.

     If you have any further questions do not hesitate to contact
me.

                          Respectfully,

                          Lonnie Jarman, Director
                          Driver License Examining Division

LJ/ah

   P.O. BOX 11415 * OKLAHOMA CITY, OKLAHOMA 73136-0415 * 3600 NORTH KING 
          AVENUE * OKLAHOMA CITY, OKLAHOMA 73111 * (405) 425-2424
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                                                             Oregon
                                                             DEPARTMENT OF
                                                             TRANSPORTATION
                                                             DMV
June 1, 1994

Jason R. Heimbaugh
RR 1 Box 120
CHAMPAIGN IL 61821

Dear Mr. Heimbaugh:

There is no statute in the _Oregon Vehicle Code, 1993-94_, that says it is
llegal to drive a car barefoot in the state of Oregon.

Sincerely,

Valerie Luhr
Office Coordinator
Driver Licensing Team
Driver Programs
                                                        1905 Lana Avenue NE
                                                        Salem, OR 97314
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Bureau of Drivers License Information
Box 58691
Harrisburg, PA 17106

This page was taken from AAA Digest of Motor Laws.

"Barefoot Driving: Operation of a motor vehicle by a dri-
  ver with bare feet is permitted."
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RIDOT
Rhode Island Department of Transportation                       STATE OF
Division of Motor Vehicles                                    RHODE ISLAND
Safety and Regulation                                        AND PROVIDENCE
Enforcement Section                                           PLANTATIONS

                                       June 3, 1994

Jason R. Meimbaugh [sic]
RR 1 Box 120
Champaign, IL 61821

Dear Mr Heimbaugh:

     This letter is in reference to your correspondence
of May 27, 1994.

     In Rhode Island, operation of a motor vehicle by a dri-
ver with bare feet is permitted.

     Should you need or want further information concern-
ng motor vehicle laws in any state, I suggest you con-
tact your local AAA (American Automobile Association)
and request information on obtaining a "Digest of Motor
Laws", price is $8.95.

                                       Sincerely,

                                       THERESA M. PHILLIPS
                                       Chief Investigator

TMP/jl
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               DIVISION OF HIGHWAY PATROL         LOCATION:
          DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE AND REGULATION   300 North Nicollet Avenue
                500 East Capitol Avenue           Pierre, South Dakota 57501
             Pierre, South Dakota 57501-5070
                   FAX: 605/773-6046
                     605/773-3105

June 1, 1994

Jason R. Heimbaugh
R.R. 1 Box 120
Champaign, Illinois 61821

Dear Jason:

     It is legal to drive barefoot in the state of South Dakota.

     There is no motor vehicle code that states it is legal or
llegal.

Sincerely,

Colonel James Jones
Superintendent

JJ:mn
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                            STATE OF TENNESSEE
                           DEPARTMENT OF SAFETY
                            1150 FOSTER AVENUE
                      NASHVILLE, TENNESSEE 37249-1000

                               June 1, 1994

Jason R. Heimbaugh
R.R. 1, Box 120
Champaign, Illinois 61821

Dear Mr. Heimbaugh:

     There is presently no provision in Tennessee Code
Annotated (state law) concerning driving a motor vehicle
barefoot.  It would be necessary, however, to review all
local ordinances to state definitely that a person could not
be held responsible for driving barefoot in the various

                                   Sincerely,

                                   Brian Grisham
                                   Staff Attorney
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
                     TEXAS DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC SAFETY
         5805 N. LAMAR BLVD. - BOX 4087 - AUSTIN, TEXAS 78773-0001
                               512/465-2110

JAMES R. WILSON                                                COMMISSION
DIRECTOR                                                    RONALD D. KRIST
                                                                CHAIRMAN

DUDLEY M. THOMAS                                            ALBERT B. ALKEK
ASST. DIRECTOR                                              ROBERT B. HOLT
                                                             COMMISIONERS

June 7, 1994

Mr. Jason R. Heimbaugh
R.R. 1 Box 120
Champain [sic], Illinois 61821

Dear Mr. Heimbaugh:

This will acknowledge receipt of your recent letter concerning

As your correspondence indicates, it is a common misconception
among many citizens that such action is illegal.  However, there
s no law in Texas that forbids an individual to drive barefoot.

Sincerely,

Charles L. Graham, Major
Traffic Law Enforcement

CLG:jmp

                      COURTESY - SERVICE - PROTECTION
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
                             STATE OF VERMONT
                         AGENCY OF TRANSPORTATION
                       DEPARTMENT OF MOTOR VEHICLES
             120 State Street, Montpelier, Vermont 05603-0001

                                                June 2, 1994

Jason R. Heimbaugh
R.R. 1, Box 120
Champaign, IL 61821

Dear Mr. Heimbaugh:

     This is in response to your letter dated May 27, 1994 concerning 
barefoot.

     There are no Vermont Statutes prohibiting this practise.

                                                Sincerely,

                                                Gordon P. Currier
                                                Director, Hearing Division
GPC:cd
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DONALD E. WILLIAMS                                      WILLIAM H. LEIGHTY
   COMMISSIONER                                         DEPUTY COMMISSIONER
                         COMMONWEALTH of VIRGINIA
                       Department of Motor Vehicles            MAIL ADDRESS
                          2300 West Broad Street            P. O. BOX 27412
                                              RICHMOND, VIRGINIA 23269-0001

June 13, 1994

Mr. Jason R. Heimbaugh
Route 1, Box 120
Champaign, Illinois 61821

Dear Mr. Heimbaugh:

Thank you for your letter dated May 27, 1994 regarding the legality of

At this time, the Commonwealth of Virginia has no law(s) restricting
citizens from driving while barefoot.

Sincerely,

W. H. Leighty
Deputy Commissioner

/aj

                       A Partnership With the Public
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
West Virginia Department of Motor Vehicles
Bldg. #3, Room 113
Charleston, WV 25317

No.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
Wisconsin Department of Transportation
Tommy G. Thompson      Charles H. Thompson       DIVISION OF MOTOR VEHICLES
Governor               Secratary                 4801 Sheboygan Avenue
                                                 P.O. Box 7949
                                                 Madison, WI 53707-7949

June 1, 1994

Jason R. Heimbaugh
R.R. 1, Box 120
Champaign, IL 61821

Dear Mr. Heimbaugh:

Thank you for your letter of May 27, 1994.

nothing in the Wisconsin statutes that prohibits this.

This information can be found in AAA's DIGEST OF MOTOR LAWS.


License Records Section
BUREAU OF DRIVER SERVICES
(608) 264-7069
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THE STATE OF WYOMING                                Mike Sullivan, Governor
                                                 Don Diller, P.E., Director
                       Department of Transportation

Jason R. Heimbaugh
RR 1, Box 120
Champaign, IL 61821

                                                    June 3, 1994

Dear Mr. Heimbaugh:

of Wyoming."  The answer is, no.  There is no statute that would prohibit
unsafe and not practical.

                                                    Sincerely,

                                                    Lynn C. Funkhouser
                                                    Driver Services Manager
                                                    307 777 4801
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