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Keith Henson CHRISTOPHER Member of

Found at: 0x1bi.net:70/textfiles/file?law/alcor-4

This is what our lawyer said in response to their motion.  Comments
n [] ---Keith Henson
CHRISTOPHER ASHWORTH, A Member of 
GARFIELD, TEPPER, ASHWORTH & EPSTEIN
Los Angeles, California  90067
Telephone: (213) 277-1981
Attorneys For Plaintiffs
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE CENTRAL DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA
Case NO. SA CV90-021 JSL (RwRx)
H. KEITH HENSON, et al.,
   
                    Plaintiffs,
     v.
RAYMOND CARRILLO, et al.,
               Defendants.
 
    Plaintiffs oppose the motion of defendants to dismiss in the  
following premises:  
 
   1.   _Introduction_
 
   Defendants motion is premised upon two discrete but interrelated  
concepts:  first, the defendants assert that the mere existence of a  
Electronic Communication Privacy Act (hereinafter "Act").  Second, the  
Act, then the activities of the defendants are saved by their "good faith 
     
    As will be pointed out in two brief succeeding sections, both of  
these premises are erroneous.  In general, the " warrant issued" defense  
fails because the defendants have brought forth no evidence as  required  
by 18 U.S.C. Section 2703(d) to defensively demonstrate the propriety of  
the issuance of the warrant in the first place under the limitation  
mposed by the Act.  With regard to the "good faith" argument, the short
answer is that the warrant is defective upon its face.  
 
     2.  _Non-compliance With The Act_
 
     18 U.S.C. Section 2703(d) declares in material part as follows: 
 
            "(d)   Requirements for court order.  A court order for  
competent jurisdiction . . .  and shall issue only if the governmental  
entity shows that there is reason to believe the contents of a wire or  
electronic communication . . . are relevant to a legitimate law 
enforcement inquiry . . . ."  
 
entity" would have to demonstrate to _this_ court that it had supplied 
the issuing court with evidentiary materials to permit the issuing court  
to find "that there is reason to believe that the contents of a wire or  
electronic communication . . . are relevant to a legitimate law  
enforcement inquiry."  The defendants here have brought forth no evidence  
to show that the issuing court was favored with any evidentiary materials  
forth in Section 2703(d).  
      
     The plaintiffs do not wish to leave the court dangling in suspense  
ssuing court.  While it is clear that it is not the plaintiffs' burden
to do so, the evidentiary materials supplied to the issuing court in  
connection with the issuance of the warrant is attached hereto as Exhibit  
"A".  Plaintiffs' instincts in this matter are not entirely charitable.   
The evidentiary material are required for the next section which scotches  
the defendants "good faith" theory.  
 
      3.   _The Defendants Have Failed To Make A "Good Faith" Showing._ 
      18 U.S.C. Section 2707(d) declares as follows:
 
          "A good faith reliance on -- (1) a court warrant or order . . .  
s a complete defense to any civil or criminal action brought under this
chapter .   . . ."  
 
Defendants suggest to us that the measurement of the "good faith" of the  
officers and others executing the warrant should be interpreted under the  
qualified immunity doctrine.  That level of sophistication need not be  
following paragraphs, the warrant was so deficient on its face as to not  
authorize to seize electronic communication of any kind.   
 
    As the defendant correctly noted, the ordering paragraph of the  
 
     "All electronic storage devices capable of storing electronic data,  
ncluding magnetic tapes, disc, (floppy or hard), and the complete
of the computers.  (See Exhibit A - Search Warrant No. 1, property to be 
 
A perusal of Exhibit "A" and its translation attached as Exhibit "B" will  
court was not favored with a single scrap of testimony to the effect that  
(a) the premises to be searched contained any computer or electronic  
media materials and (b) that there was any reason to believe the contents  
of a wire or electronic communication were relevant to a legitimate law  
enforcement inquiry as required by Section 2703(d).  
     
     It is well settled that a search warrant issuing from a court is  
nseparable from and must be read in connection with the underlying
affidavits which are perforce attached to it.  See _Unites States vs.  
Stanert, 762 f.2d 775, 778 (9th Cir. 1858).  "A search warrant, to be  
valid, must be supported by an affidavit establishing probable cause.  In  
nformation contained within the four corners of the underlying
affidavit."  In our case, any executing officer reading the warrant and  
attached affidavits would discover that there was no evidence presented  
to the court to justify taking any electronic devices.  Moreover, all  
things to be seized must be described with reasonable particularly.   
Here, the warrant authorized the seizure of electronic media that was  
"capable of storing" certain kinds of data!  The warrant did not even  
analogous to authorizing the seizure of "all books shelves capable of 
containing records relevant to the commission of a crime."  
 
[Or all mail in a post office] 
 
Warrants that merely describe broad classes of documents or other things  
objective  
could be seized and was itself sufficient to debunk any "good faith' 
claim. 
    The Ninth Circuit has recently held that a search warrant which was  
comparably overbroad to the one under consideration here (a) obliterated  
the legality of the search and (b) completely scotched the possibility  
that he officers had acted in good faith.  See _United States vs.  
Stubbs_, 873 F.2d 210 (9th Cir. 1989).  The _Stubbs_ court noted that  
executing officer simply could not reasonably rely on [this] facially 
 
    With or without the attached affidavits, the search warrant as issued  
been found at 12327 Doherty Street in Riverside.  Aside from some truly  
unusual cases, the courts are uniform in condemning these types of  
unlimited searches.  See _Stubbs_, supra; _Barrows vs. Superior Court of  
San Bernadino_, 13 Cal. App. 3d 238, 118 Cal. Rptr. 166, 173 (1974) and  
_Aday vs. Superior Court of Alameda_, 55 Cal. App. 2d 789, 13 Cal. Rptr,. 
 
[footnote--Occasionally, all of the books and records of an entity are  
the entity is engaged in comprehensive wrongdoing with relatively few  
opportunities for noncriminal activities.  See, e.g., _United States vs.  
Accardo_, 479 f.2d 1477 (11th Cir. 1985).  Even in the case just cited,  
the circuit court remanded the case back to the district court for  
further determination of whether the executing officer had indeed acted 
n good faith.]
 
      Whether judged in terms of its underlying affidavits (which contain  
not one syllable regarding electronic storage devices) or upon the face  
of the ordering paragraph (which authorizes the seizure of everything  
electronic that was not nailed down) no executing officer with a  
that the warrant he was executing was valid.  
 
       4.  _Conclusion_ 
 
       Defendants' motion fails on both grounds urged.  First, the  
of the warrant in the first instance required by Section 2703(d) were  
complied with.  Secondly, the defendants have failed to demonstrate --  
 
DATED :  April 11, 1990 
 
CHRISTOPHER ASHWORTH, a Member of  
GARFIELD, TEPPER, ASHWORTH, & EPSTEIN 
A Professional Corporation 
 
{signed} 
 
CHRISTOPHER ASHWORTH 
Attorneys for Plaintiffs           
 
[Actually, there was an affidavit in support of the search warrant
used to take the computers, but because it was filed much later, both
lawyers seem to have missed it.  The relevant paragraph reads:
"During the service of this second search warrant, it was discovered  
that there were several personal/business computer located on the 
the course of the company's business affairs to record data and 
nformation pertaining to existing preservations being maintained by
Alcor Foundation, as well as information relating to the Dora Kent death 
and subsequent preservation."                                       
of ALcor to notice seven computers.]
Attachment "A"
Affiant's Declaration
   I, Allen E. Kunzman, presently employed as a edputy coroner 
nvestigator with Riverside County was assigned to assists deputy coroner
Rick Bogan who was investigating the unreported death of Dora Kent.  
Deputy Bogan was advised of Dora Kent's death on December 15, 1987, at 
Mortuary.  Mr. Klockgether had attempted to file a death certificate with 
the Riverside County Health Department, and due to information that had 
been listed on the death certificate, required the death of Dora Kent to 
be reported to the Riverside County coroner's office.  The death had 
Street, City and County of Riverside, a place of business identified as 
Alcor Life Extension Foundation.  A check of our records, in fat, confirm 
that the death had not been reported.  On December 16, 1987, myself and 
being present upon our arrival at the 12327 Doherty Street address.  
Michael Federowicz and Jerry Leaf explained that Dora Kent had been 
brought to the 12327 Doherty Street address on December 9, 1987, by 
Michael Federowicz and Saul Kent, Dora Kent`s son.  That she remained at 
the 12327 Doherty Street address and that she expired at 0027 hours on 
December 11, 1987.   Federowicz and Leaf both stated, "they, nor any 
other representative from the Alcor Life Extension Foundation reported 
Dora Kent's death to the Riverside County coroner's office."  While at 
the 12327 Doherty Street address, Jerry Leaf and Michael Federowicz 
Street address.  This body and seven heads are being stored in a frozen 
licenses and permits which would authorize them to maintain and store the 
body and body parts that they had reported to us as being at the 12327 
Doherty Street address.  Federowicz nor Leaf could produce any licenses 
or permits for the storage of the aforementioned body or heads.  Contact 
Department's Registrar`s office and determine if any permits had been 
ssued to the Alcor Life Extension Foundation for the purpose of storing
bodies and/or body parts.  As of January 6, 1987, per Daon Cavallo of the 
Riverside County Health Department, the County Registrar's office has 
never issued any permits to Alcor for storing bodies or body parts.  
Therefore, I request the issuance of a warrant to obtain evidence to show 
that violations of Government Code Section 27491 and Health and Safety 
Code Section 10377 have occurred and are currently occurring at the 12327 
Doherty Street location. 


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