Short Wave Antenna basics
This article describes how to use a phone line as a shortwave antenna.
lines make fairly good antennas, while underground lines generally
A highpass filter is used to remove signals below the shortwave bands.
This improves rejection from local AM stations. In addition, a lowpass
filter can be used to reject interference from FM stations.
The original credit for the highpass and lowpass filters goes to Paul
Blumstein and John Shalamskas, respectively. I have included edited
versions of their articles below.
The filter(s) should be connected to the phone line in this manner:
Phone line RF plug
red -------- center cond. / \
or o----| |--------------------------|-o | To receiver
green | | \ /
| FILTER | 50 ohm coax |
| | |
N.C. o----| |----------------------------+
N.C. = no connect. Alternatively, you could connect this to a ground.
than no ground at all. I haven't tried any other ground, because that
also mention that this filter works very well with random wire
Someone who wrote asked about lightning protection. I haven't thought
much about this because thunderstorms are rare in my area. However, I
believe most phone lines have lightning arrestors on them where they
enter the house. Anyway, my suggestion would be to unplug the antenna
The following ascii-schematic diagram is a high pass filter that will
filter out Broadcast Band (MW) stations. I found it a great boon to my
end & appear in SW, especially with a long antenna.
overload problems causing me to cut back to 50 feet. (Even at 50 feet,
and looked up filters in the ARRL Handbook. With the filter in place,
Anywho, here is the filter, for interested parties.
The outer capacitors are 1500 pf ceramic disks.
The inner capacitor is 820 pf ceramic disk.
The squiggly things are coils (two total). Each one is 2.7 uh.
(a close value will do).
on a gain-phase analyzer. Here are its characteristics:
100 KHz -120dB
500 KHz -68dB
The source and load impedances were 50 ohms. Because the filter
measurements confirmed this.
This filter seems to be a pretty good compromise between interference
attenuation and passband response. There is very little attenuation
n the 120m band and above. It could use a little more attenuation
at the upper end of MW, which could be done with more stages or a
these filters and put them in series. (Since two 1500pF capacitors
n series are really 750pF, you could eliminate one cap.)
Just for fun, I decided to put 470 ohms in series with the input
to see how the filter performs with an antenna mismatch. The
100 KHz -105dB
500 KHz -60dB
These figures are normalized to the passband response of -15dB,
and would have been there without the filter. Hence, the filter
to those who use longwire antennas.
Several people have asked for construction details of the filters
I built for my DX-440.
The high-pass filter helped some, but in my location the VHF/UHF
broadcasters are also causing problems. So, I dug out the
ARRL handbook and chose a 7-element Chebyshev low-pass design
that is -3 dB at 35 MHz, -20 dB at 43 MHz, and -50 dB at 64 MHz
(all calculated; it works well in practice!)
LOW-PASS FILTER (Rejects FM, TV, etc.)
0.36 uH 0.42 uH 0.36 uH
signal -------+--UUU--+--UUUUU--+--UUU--+------- signal
| | | |
82 ___ 180___ 180___ ___ 82
pF --- pF--- pF--- --- pF
shield | | | | shield
braid -------+-------+----+----+-------+------- braid
I had to do a little more improvising at this point.
I used .33 uH instead of .36, and .66 uH instead of .42,
but it works fine.
The 5-lug terminal strips were perfect for these circuits,
since there are 4 lugs plus a grounded lug. All "ground"
connections go to the lug that is mounted to the chassis,
and the other 4 lugs are used for each of the connections
on the signal line. One terminal strip is used per filter.
Since both filters were necessary to clean up the hash,
I am going to put them both into one box when I get the time.
The proper way to connect them is in series, i.e.
signal in ------- filter 1 -------- filter 2 -------- signal out
There is no difference between ends. They are "bilateral"
which means you can't possibly hook them up backwards.
(In the above schematics, left and right ends are interchangeable.)